Weldstar Specialty Gases asks, "Where has all of the CO2 gone?"10/26/2018Carbon Dioxide (CO2) is a colorless, odorless gas that is also classified as a sublimate (able to go from a solid to a gas skipping the liquid phase) here in Northern Illinois and around the world. Currently there is one of largest shortages of carbon dioxide all over Europe. This is the 4th gas shortage in 10 years in Europe. Factories in Europe, across the world and here in Northern Illinois are unable to earn a good profit from making CO2 alone, so ordinarily they create this gas as a byproduct of other chemicals, usually ammonia fertilizer. One of the first steps in making ammonia is taking the hydrocarbon molecule like natural gas and splitting the “hydro” from the “carbon.” The hydrogen changes into ammonia (NH3) and the carbon into carbon dioxide (CO2). This scarcity can be attributed to the ammonia plants that close across Europe throughout the summer season for repairs. Combine that with increased temperatures raising the demand for beverages that require CO2, like soft drinks and beer, a shortage is created. Even though the situation with CO2 is beginning to ease as plants return to their regular schedules, it will take some time before CO2 levels return to where they were before the crisis. To learn more on how you can get CO2 contact Weldstar Specialty Gases in Northern Illinois.